Four Days in September

Four Days in September

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For twenty years, the Roman Empire conquered its way through modern-day Germany, claiming all lands from the Rhine to the Elbe. However, when at last all appeared to be under control, a catastrophe erupted that claimed the lives of 10, 000 legionnaires and laid Romea€™s imperial ambitions for Germania into the dust. In late September of 9 AD, three Roman legions, while marching to suppress a distant tribal rebellion, were attacked in a four-day battle with the Germanic barbarians. The Romans, under the leadership of the provincea€™s governor, Publius Quinctilius Varus, were taken completely by surprise, betrayed by a member of their own ranks: the German officer and secret rebel leader, Arminius. The defeat was a heavy blow to both Romea€™s military and its pride. Though the disaster was ruthlessly avenged soon afterwards, later attempts at conquering the Germans were half-hearted at best. Four days in September thoroughly examines the ancient sources and challenges the hypotheses of modern scholars to present a clear picture of the prelude to the battle, the fighting itself and its aftermath.Tacitus, a#39;Germaniaa#39;, in Chronicles of the Barbarians (New York: History Book Club, 1998), 78. ... Tacitus comments that the Germani tribe later re-named itself, and by the time that he was alive, they were called the Tungrians. 2. Strabo, Geography, book 7, chapter 1; a#39;Free Online Translators from English to Latina#39;. ... 8 . Gaius Julius Caesar, Commentaries, book 1, chapter 31. 9. Pliny the Elder, The Natural History, book 4, chapter 28; Tacitus, a#39;Germaniaa#39;, in Chronicles of the Barbariansanbsp;...


Title:Four Days in September
Author: Jason R Abdale
Publisher:Casemate Publishers - 2016-05-31
ISBN-13:

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